Before starting a driving course
One of the requirements for operating a motor vehicle is having a valid medical certificate (regardless of the category). Training at a driving school can also commence only after obtaining a medical certificate. The medical examination should be completed no earlier than 6 months prior to the start of the training.
To obtain the certificate, either consult your family doctor or choose a suitable medical institution (search for "mootorsõidukijuhi tervisetõend," meaning "medical certificate for drivers" in Estonian).
Estonia has two types of medical certificates - one for regular drivers (Group 1) and another for professional drivers (Group 2). For example:
- For obtaining a Category B driver's licence (passenger car), a Group 1 medical certificate is suitable.
- For Category D (bus), a Group 2 medical certificate is suitable.
A Group 1 medical certificate is valid for 10 years, while a Group 2 certificate is valid for 5 years. This means that you need to undergo periodic medical examinations and renew the certificate. If you are over 65 years old, you must undergo a medical examination every five years regardless of the group.
Please note that if you do not have a valid medical certificate, you are not allowed to operate a motor vehicle. For example, if your driver's licence is still valid, but the medical certificate has expired, you are not permitted to drive.
To expedite the process of obtaining the certificate, complete the health declaration on the patient portal. You will be asked to answer questions that a doctor would ask you in any case. The questions pertain to your lifestyle, work environment, allergies, regularly taken medications, etc.
Please keep in mind that the medical certificate is subject to a fee. Once you have obtained the certificate, present it to the driving school to commence your training.
For more information on the medical certificate, please click here.
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